Question 18W asks you to report convictions for non-traffic misdemeanors and felonies, those are convictions though, not arrests. Typically, what the FAA is looking for is a personality disorder that manifests itself by sober acts.
The Aviation Medical Examiner (AME) will query the pilot and ask what the nature of the conviction was. Typically, they’ll ask for supporting documentation such as court disposition papers to find out exactly what the nature of the charge was.
The FAA interprets the regulation broadly and applies it to any misdemeanor or felony that’s non-traffic related.
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